• Mon. Jun 17th, 2024

Extinct 39-million-year-old whale ‘may be heaviest animal that ever lived’

Byeveryviralnews_j7euq5

Aug 2, 2023

Blue whales have always been considered record breakers when it comes to the size department.

Not only is it the largest animal alive today, but the species is often considered the heaviest to have ever lived.

But new research shows that title might belong to an ancient whale species which swam in the oceans around 39 million years ago.

Researchers have analysed the remains of a partial skeleton uncovered 13 years ago in the Ica desert on the southern coast of Peru.

Their findings, published in the journal Nature, suggest this extinct species had a body mass of up to 340 tonnes – three times heavier than the blue whale.

Bones of the Perucetus colossus being sampled with core drills to assess their inner structure Image: Bones of the Perucetus colossus being sampled with core drills to assess their inner structure

Scientists have named the species Perucetus colossus, a nod to its huge body mass and the place where it was discovered.

“It might be the heaviest animal known to date,” said Dr Eli Amson, a researcher at the State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart in Germany.

“In any case, it was at least as heavy as the blue whale. But the P. colossus we describe was not longer than the largest blue whales.

“We estimate the new species’ specimen to have been 17m-20m (56ft-66ft) long, while blue whales can reach 30m (98ft).”

Graphic issued by Nature of the preserved bones of Perucetus colossus, a 39 million-year-old extinct whale which 'may be heaviest animal that ever lived' Image: Graphic issued by Nature of the preserved bones of Perucetus colossus, a 39-million-year-old extinct whale which ‘may be the heaviest animal that ever lived’

The ancient species belongs to a family of extinct cetaceans, a class of mammals that includes dolphins, whales and porpoises, known as basilosaurids.

They lived from the middle Eocene to the late Oligocene epoch, about 41 million to 23 million years ago.

A reconstruction of the P. colossus suggests it is two to three times heavier than the 25m (82ft) long blue whale skeleton on show at the Natural History Museum in London.

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Perucetus colossus specimen being transported from the Ica desert in Peru to the Natural History Museum in Lima Image: Perucetus colossus specimen being transported from the Ica desert in Peru to the Natural History Museum in Lima

Researchers say the tremendous bone mass of P. colossus is caused by extra bone on the outer surface of the skeletal elements and the filling of inner cavities with compact bone.

This extra weight helps these animals regulate their buoyancy and trim underwater, the authors said.

The researchers speculate that P. colossus may have been a slow swimmer and lived near the coast.

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